Sense and Sentimentality: The Soldier-Horse Relationship in The Great War

Thesis Abstract

During the Great War, the horse was essential to military efficiency. Horses hauled artillery guns, transported vital supplies and ammunition, and carried men into battle. The military horse was, in fact, a weapon. Many thousands of horses were purchased and supplied to the British Expeditionary Force at great expense, because without them an Army could not function. Although the British Army was the most modern of all the belligerent forces during the Great War, the horse was nevertheless favoured because of its reliability and versatility. For example, horses coped much better than motor vehicles where the going was difficult. It was horse-power that ensured the Army’s lines-of-communication were maintained. Indeed, without an adequate supply of horses it is probable that the British Army would not have achieved victory in 1918.

However, the military horse was also a weapon which quickly broke down when it was not properly maintained. The British Army had learned this to its cost during the Boer War, when more horses had been killed by bad management than by enemy action. Good horse management in the field depended upon the soldier. It was essential that he had received adequate training, and it was also essential that he take responsibility for his horse’s well-being. During the Great War, all soldiers given ‘ownership’ of a horse were taught to put their horse’s needs before their own, and to always think first of their horse. They were taught to see their horse in the same way as an infantryman would his rifle; as something he may have cause to rely upon and which it was therefore in his best interests to look after. The soldier-horse relationship developed once the soldier’s care became one of sympathetic consideration. Soldiers and their horses spent most of their lives together when on active service, and it was this close proximity which helped to bond them into a unit. Many soldiers came to see their horses as comrades; they named them, and went to great lengths to protect their horses from harm. From the Army’s perspective, the soldier-horse relationship ensured that an expensive military asset was properly maintained.

At home, portrayals of the soldier-horse relationship extended its vital contribution to the war effort beyond the battlefield. For example, images and stories that told of the soldier’s kindness to his horse bolstered a positive illusion the British had of themselves as a people capable of both strength and compassion. Images of the soldier-horse relationship played an important part in helping the British people to imagine war. They also provided much-needed comfort and reassurance when friends and loved ones were in danger. Importantly, by studying these portrayals dispassionately, we find that they were never entire flights of fancy, and often bore more than a passing resemblance to the soldier’s actual experience. Indeed, it becomes possible to question whether sense and sentimentality ever did entirely part company in the British imagination. Like their flesh and blood inspiration, portrayals of the soldier-horse relationship have not received the attention they merit. By rectifying this oversight, this thesis not only contributes to study of the horse-human relationship, but also to our knowledge of the Great War. Not least, because we achieve a better appreciation of what it was like to live in the War’s shadow.

Access to my thesis is available via The University of Derby’s online repository:

https://derby.openrepository.com/derby/handle/10545/621040

Or go to my page on academia.edu and follow the links:

https://janeflynn.academia.edu/

Note that any reference to the abstract or thesis must be properly attributed and cited.

 

16 thoughts on “Sense and Sentimentality: The Soldier-Horse Relationship in The Great War”

      1. Thank you. What was your interest in Matania in reference to your research? I am intrigued! And nosey – it goes with the territory. 😉 Goodbye Old Man is close to my heart for several reasons, but largely because it was where my MA project started.

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      2. I was exploring the evolving social construct of the horse to show that current regulation is unsuitable. I was justifying the concept of the horse as ‘non-human athlete’ using examples from art, culture, history, sports, war etc etc.

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      3. Right. Found it. VERY interesting. I liked what you have to say about racehorses and then being passed on all too frequently. I recently lost my old boy (37 years) and I made a decision that he was not going to go anywhere. It was the only way to absolutely guarantee he would receive the right care in his retirement. I also liked your piece on fox hunting. I think we may see eye-to-eye on a number of equine-related topics.

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